The goal of breast reconstruction is to restore one or both breasts to near normal shape, appearance, symmetry and size following mastectomy, lumpectomy or congenital deformities.
Breast reconstruction often invovles several procedures performed in stages and can either begin immediately at the time of mastectomy or delayed at a later date.
Breast reconstruction falls into two general categories: implant based reconstruction or flap reconstruction. Implant based reconstruction relies on breast implants to help form a new breast mound. Autologous or flap based reconstruction uses the patient’s own tissue from another part of the body to form a new breast.
There are several factors to consider when choosing which option is best for you:
- Type of mastectomy
- Cancer treatments
- Patient’s body type
If only one breast is affected, it alone may be reconstructed. In addition, a breast lift, breast reduction or augmentation may be recommended for the opposite breast to improve symmetry of the size, shape and position of both breasts.